How Coffee Grows

Ever wonder where the coffee  journey begins? We love sharing our process, stories of our hard working farmers and trade secrets with you!

Growing Coffee

The coffee growing process is always a very delicate one. There are so many steps to growing quality coffee. At SF Bay our process begins with eliminating coffee farm brokers and working direct with the farmers. By fostering a positive family-like relationship with our farmers, together we are able to grow the best quality coffee available.


making coffee

The Process of Growing Coffee 

How Is Coffee Grown?

germination of a coffee seed

Germination of a coffee seed, which is also known as a bean, can take around 60 days. A seedling will typically grow in a nursery until about 8-10 inches tall. Afterwards, it’s potted until it’s ready to be planted. Its final destination awaits!

It’ll take about 2 – 4 years after being planted for the young coffee tree to start blooming. After a few days of pollination, the small white, fragrant flowers will start to grow fruits. The fruits are small green berries that will eventually ripen into red cherries. The intense growth phase of the berries can consume 70% of the tree’s nutrients, which halts the tree’s own growth.

Each cherry contains a pair of seeds. The beans grow inside an area called the intergument. This will be consumed by the bean leaving only a silver skin final layer.

raw coffee bean

At around five weeks, the cherry will be nearly full size. A change of color will accompany its growth from green to yellow to red. Once red, it’s harvest-ready.

Once a cherry is harvested, we use a version of the wet milling process to separate the beans from the cherry while developing and extracting more flavors. Additional inspection, cleaning, and polish are done.

sustainable company


Most frequently questions and answers

A tree isn’t fully mature until about 7 years, but it can produce fruit around 3 – 5 years. It can grow as tall as 15′, but farmers typically keep them at 6′ tall for easier harvesting. After 8 years, the tree will produce full crops yielding one to twelve pounds annually.

Did You Know?

Coffee was originally chewed! Our ancestors would roll the coffee cherry with animal fat and chew the ball for added energy.